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Field #

View source on GitHub

The Field component is how you connect each individual input to the Redux store. There are three fundamental things that you need to understand in order to use Field correctly:

  1. The name prop is required. It is a string path, in dot-and-bracket notation, corresponding to a value in the form values. It may be as simple as 'firstName' or as complicated as 'contact.billing.address[2].phones[1].areaCode'.

  2. The component prop is required. It may be a Component, a stateless function, or a string name of one of the default supported DOM inputs (input, textarea or select) (see the Usage section below). To learn about the props that will be provided to whatever your component is, see the Props section below.

  3. All other props will be passed along to the element generated by the component prop.

Importing #


var Field = require('redux-form').Field // ES5

import { Field } from 'redux-form' // ES6

Props you can pass to Field #

name : String [required] #

A string path, in dot-and-bracket notation, corresponding to a value in the form values. It may be as simple as 'firstName' or as complicated as contact.billing.address[2].phones[1].areaCode. See the Usage section below for details.

Numeric field names, e.g. name="42" or name="foo.5.email", are not supported, as they can be confused for array indexes.

component : Component<FieldProps>|String [required] #

A Component (stateful class or stateless function), or string corresponding to a default JSX element. See the Usage section below for details.

format : (value, name) => formattedValue [optional] #

Formats the value from the Redux store to be displayed in the field input. Common use cases are to format Numbers into currencies or Dates into a localized date format.

format is called with the field value and name as arguments and should return the new formatted value to be displayed in the field input.

To respect React 15 input behavior there is defaultFormat = value => value == null ? '' : value internally used. To disable that you can pass null as format prop.

normalize : (value, previousValue, allValues, previousAllValues, name) => nextValue [optional] #

A function to convert whatever value the user has entered into the value that you want stored in the Redux store for the field. For instance, if you want the value to be in all uppercase, you would pass value => value.toUpperCase(). The parameters to your normalize function are:

value : any #

The value entered by the user.

previousValue : any #

The previous value for the field.

allValues : Object #

All the values in the entire form with the new value. This will be an Immutable Map if you are using Immutable JS.

previousAllValues : Object #

All the values in the entire form before the current change. This will be an Immutable Map if you are using Immutable JS.

name : String #

The name of the field being normalized

onBlur : (event, newValue, previousValue, name) => void [optional] #

A callback that will be called whenever an onBlur event is fired from the underlying input. If you call event.preventDefault(), the BLUR action will NOT be dispatched, and the value and focus state will not be updated in the Redux store.

onChange : (event, newValue, previousValue, name) => void [optional] #

A callback that will be called whenever an onChange event is fired from the underlying input. If you call event.preventDefault(), the CHANGE action will NOT be dispatched, and the value will not be updated in the Redux store.

onDragStart : (event, name) => void [optional] #

A callback that will be called whenever an onDragStart event is fired from the underlying input.

onDrop : (event, newValue, previousValue, name) => void [optional] #

A callback that will be called whenever an onDrop event is fired from the underlying input. If you call event.preventDefault(), the CHANGE action will NOT be dispatched, and the value will not be updated in the Redux store.

onFocus : (event, name) => void [optional] #

A callback that will be called whenever an onFocus event is fired from the underlying input. If you call event.preventDefault(), the FOCUS action will NOT be dispatched, and the focus state will not be updated in the Redux store.

props : object [optional] #

Object with custom props to pass through the Field component into a component provided to component prop. This props will be merged to props provided by Field itself. This may be useful if you are using TypeScript. This construct is completely optional; the primary way of passing props along to your component is to give them directly to the Field component, but if, for whatever reason, you prefer to bundle them into a separate object, you may do so by passing them into props.

parse : (value, name) => parsedValue [optional] #

Parses the value given from the field input component to the type that you want stored in the Redux store. Common use cases are to parse currencies into Numbers or localized date formats into Dates.

parse is called with the field value and name as arguments and should return the new parsed value to be stored in the Redux store.

type : string [optional] #

Used to determine the exact shape of the input prop passed through to the component provided to component prop, as detailed below:

  • if type === 'checkbox' or type === 'radio', the boolean checked field will be passed through
  • if type === 'select-multiple', the value will always be an array (i.e. will default to [] instead of an empty string)
  • if type === 'file', the value will always be of type ?File (i.e. will default to undefined instead of an empty string)

Use this if either:

  1. component is a string value (i.e. a native HTML element)
  2. component requires the input prop to follow the special semantics described above

type is unusual in that it is passed through to component, unlike other props consumed by Field.

validate : Array<Function> | (value, allValues, props, name) => error [optional] #

Allows you to provide a field-level validation rule. The function is given the fields current value, all other form values, the props passed to the form, and the name of field currently being validated. If the field is valid it should return undefined. If the field is invalid it should return an error (usually, but not necessarily, a String). Note: if the validate prop changes the field will be re-registered. Note: If an array of functions is given, the validation chain is stopped whenever a function return an error and the next validation will not be called.

value : string [optional] #

When type === radio, this value is compared with the current field value to determine the value of checked in the input prop passed to component. Otherwise, this prop is ignored.

warn : Array<Function> | (value, allValues, props) => warning [optional] #

Allows you to provide a field-level warning rule. The function is given the fields current value, all other form values, and the props passed to the form. If the field does not need a warning it should return undefined. If the field needs a warning it should return the warning (usually, but not necessarily, a String). Note: if the warn prop changes the field will be re-registered. Note: If an array of functions is given, the warn chain is stopped whenever a function return an error and the next warning will not be called.

forwardRef : boolean [optional] #

If true, the rendered component will be available with the getRenderedComponent() method. Defaults to false. Cannot be used if your component is a stateless function component.

immutableProps : Array<String> [optional] #

Prop names that only require strict-equals, not deep equals, to determine shouldComponentUpdate. Useful for performance and compatibility with 3rd party immutable libraries. Defaults to [].

Usage #

The component prop will be passed to React.createElement(), which accepts one of three possible things:

1. A normal component #

This can be any component class that you have written or have imported from a third party library.


// MyCustomInput.js
import React, { Component } from 'react'

class MyCustomInput extends React.Component {
  render() {
    const {
      input: { value, onChange }
    } = this.props
    return (
      <div>
        <span>The current value is {value}.</span>
        <button type="button" onClick={() => onChange(value + 1)}>
          Inc
        </button>
        <button type="button" onClick={() => onChange(value - 1)}>
          Dec
        </button>
      </div>
    )
  }
}

Then, somewhere in your form...


import MyCustomInput from './MyCustomInput'

...

<Field name="myField" component={MyCustomInput}/>

To learn what props will be passed to your component, see the Props section below.

2. A stateless function #

This is the most flexible way to use <Field>, as it gives you complete control over how the input is rendered. It is especially useful for displaying validation errors. It will also be the most familiar to people migrating from previous versions of redux-form. You must define the stateless function outside of your render() method, or else it will be recreated on every render and will force the Field to rerender because its component prop will be different. If you are defining your stateless function inside of render(), it will not only be slower, but your input will lose focus whenever the entire form component rerenders.


// outside your render() method
const renderField = (field) => (
    <div className="input-row">
      <input {...field.input} type="text"/>
      {field.meta.touched && field.meta.error &&
       <span className="error">{field.meta.error}</span>}
    </div>
  )

// inside your render() method
<Field name="myField" component={renderField}/>

To learn what props will be passed to your stateless function, see the Props section below.

3. A string: input, select, or textarea #

So all you really need to render an redux-form-connected text input is:


<Field component="input" type="text" />

Remember the third rule above that all other props are passed to the element generated by component? So the type="text" prop will be given to the input.

Instance API #

The following properties and methods are available on an instance of a Field component.

dirty : boolean #

true if the current value is different from the initialized value, false otherwise.

name : String #

When nested in FormSection, returns the name prop prefixed with the FormSection name. Otherwise, returns the name prop that you passed in.

pristine : boolean #

true if the current value is the same as the initialized value, false otherwise.

value : any #

The current value of the field.

getRenderedComponent() #

Returns the instance of the rendered component. For this to work, you must provide a forwardRef prop, and your component must not be a stateless function component.

Props #

These are props that Field will pass to your wrapped component. The props provided by redux-form are divided into input and meta objects.

Any custom props passed to Field will be merged into the props object on the same level as the input and meta objects.

Input Props #

The props under the input key are what connects your input component to Redux and are meant to be destructured into your <input/> component.

input.checked : boolean [optional] #

An alias for value only when value is a boolean. Provided for convenience of destructuring the whole field object into the props of a form element.

input.name : String #

When nested in FormSection, returns the name prop prefixed with the FormSection name. Otherwise, returns the name prop that you passed in.

input.onBlur(eventOrValue) : Function #

A function to call when the form field loses focus. It expects to either receive the React SyntheticEvent _or_ the current value of the field.

input.onChange(eventOrValue) : Function #

A function to call when the form field is changed. It expects to either receive the React SyntheticEvent _or_ the new value of the field.

input.onDragStart(event) : Function #

A function to call when the form field receives a dragStart event. Saves the field value in the event for giving the field it is dropped into.

input.onDrop(event) : Function #

A function to call when the form field receives a drop event.

input.onFocus(event) : Function #

A function to call when the form field receives focus.

input.value: any #

The value of this form field. It will be a boolean for checkboxes, and a string for all other input types. If there is no value in the Redux state for this field, it will default to ''. This is to ensure that the input is controlled. If you require that the value be of another type (e.g. Date or Number), you must provide initialValues to your form with the desired type of this field.

Meta Props #

The props under the meta key are metadata about the state of this field that redux-form is tracking for you.

meta.active : boolean #

true if this field currently has focus. It will only work if you are passing onFocus to your input element.

meta.autofilled : boolean #

true if this field has been set with the AUTOFILL action and has not since been changed with a CHANGE action. This is useful to render the field in a way that the user can tell that the value was autofilled for them.

meta.asyncValidating : boolean #

true if the form is currently running asynchronous validation because this field was blurred.

meta.dirty : boolean #

true if the field value has changed from its initialized value. Opposite of pristine.

meta.dispatch : Function #

The Redux dispatch function.

meta.error : String [optional] #

The error for this field if its value is not passing validation. Both synchronous, asynchronous, and submit validation errors will be reported here.

meta.form : String #

The name of the form. Could be useful if you want to manually dispatch actions.

meta.initial : any #

The initial value of the field.

meta.invalid : boolean #

true if the field value fails validation (has a validation error). Opposite of valid.

meta.pristine : boolean #

true if the field value is the same as its initialized value. Opposite of dirty.

meta.submitting : boolean #

true if the field is currently being submitted

meta.submitFailed : boolean #

true if the form had onSubmit called and failed to submit for any reason. A subsequent successful submit will set it back to false.

meta.touched : boolean #

true if the field has been touched. By default this will be set when the field is blurred.

meta.valid : boolean #

true if the field value passes validation (has no validation errors). Opposite of invalid.

meta.visited: boolean #

true if this field has ever had focus. It will only work if you are passing onFocus to your input element.

meta.warning : String [optional] #

The warning for this field if its value is not passing warning validation.